Tin is a chemical element which has symbol Sn (It is taken from the Latin word tannum). The atomic number of Tin is 50. It is one of the post-transition metals in group 14 of the periodic table. It is obtained mainly from mineral cassiterite that contains a stannic oxide, SnO2.
It shows a chemical similarity to both of its neighbours that are germanium and lead in group 14 and has two main oxidation states, that is +2 and the little more stable +4. It is the 49th most abundant element which has 10 stable isotopes which is the largest number of stable isotopes in the periodic table because of its magic number of protons.
Tin has two major allotropes: at room temperature, the stable allotrope is β-tin, malleable metal, a silvery-white. At low temperatures, it gets transformed into the less dense grey α-tin, that has the diamond cubic structure. Metallic tin does not get easily oxidized in air.
Tin number of Valence Electrons
The Tin has 4 valence electrons in its outer shell.
Valence Electrons of Tin
See the picture below to know the valence electron of the Tin.
What is The Electron Configuration of Tin
The full Electron Configuration of Tin is 1s 22s 22p 63s 23p 64s 23d 104p 65s 24d 105p 2
How Many Valence Electrons Does Tin Have
The total number of valence electron in the outer shell of tin is 4