How Does We Find The Electron Configuration For Silicon

Silicon is the chemical element with atomic number 14. This is a brittle and hard Crystalline solid which has the metallic lustre of blue and grey. It is a semiconductor and tetravalent metalloid. The symbol of silicon is “Si” and belongs to the 14th group of periodic table and it is above Carbon. Electron configuration is the distribution of electrons in the shells or orbits of the atoms and molecules.

Electron Configuration For Silicon

Electrons of silicon per shell are 2, 8, 4. The electronic configuration for silicon is:

1s22s22p63s23p2.

Electron Configuration For Silicon ion

The electron configuration for silicon ion can also be written with the help of Ne (Neon) as well. as Neon completes its all shells or orbits and the electronic configuration can also be written as: [Ne] 3s23p2.

Electron Configuration For Silicon ion

Silicon Number of Valence Electrons

A valence electron is defined as the number of electrons in the outer shell. Here the numbers of electrons in the outer shell are 4 as in the outer or 3rd shell it has 4 elements.

Silicon Number of Valence Electrons

Ground State Electron Configuration For Silicon

On the basis of pair distribution ground state electron configuration is defined. And this can be well defined with the help of an orbital diagram in which single box consists of a pair of electrons. The electron configuration for silicon is 1s22s22p63s23p2.

What is the Electron Configuration of Silicon

Electron configuration is the number of electrons present in each orbit of atom or molecules. In the case of silicon, the electrons are present in 3 shells that are 2, 8, 4. And it’s electron configuration is 1s22s22p63s23p2

What is the Electron Configuration of Silicon

How Many Valence Electrons are in Silicon

There are 4 electrons in the outer shell of Silicon so the number of valence electrons in silicon is 4.

Silicon Orbital Diagram

Orbit diagram consists of a pair of electrons of the atom in the box i.e.

Orbit diagram helps to define the ground state electron configuration is an easy form. That is one box contains 2 electrons. And for silicon, there will be 7 box representations for 14 electrons in a pair.

Silicon Orbital Diagram

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